The deal, in the Belarusian capital, was the second (and most important) breach of its kind in an attempt to end a 10-month bloody conflict in eastern Ukraine.
But Minsk II is not fully implemented and its main problems are still unresolved.
Here is what you need to know:
Who are the key players? A rare meeting between Russian, Ukrainian, German and French leaders in February 2015 sought to bring peace to parts of Ukraine occupied by pro-Russian separatists the previous year. Those areas, in Ukraine Donbass area, Known as the Luhansk People’s Republic (LPR) and the Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR). The Ukrainian government in Kiev insisted that both areas were under Russian occupation.
The talks are also aimed at working towards a political solution for the region.
As a result, Minsk II was signed by separatist leaders in Russia, Ukraine, and representatives of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Following that, the UN Security Council passed a resolution.
What are the terms of the contract? A ceasefire. In February 2015, there was still fierce fighting between Ukrainian forces and pro-Russian rebels in some areas, and the Ukrainians suffered heavy casualties.
Withdrawal of heavy weapons from the front.
OSCE – a 57-member security body comprising the United States and Canada – monitors from the front.
Conversation about local elections in areas occupied by Russian-backed rebels.
Restoration of full economic and social ties between the two parties, for example, may be granted pensions.
To regain control of the Ukrainian state on the border with Russia.
Withdrawal of all foreign forces and mercenaries.
Constitutional reform that gives some autonomy to the eastern Donbass regions of Ukraine is no longer under the control of the central government.